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King

"King, or king regnant, is the title given to a male monarch in a variety of contexts. The female equivalent is queen regnant, while the title of queen on its own usually refers to the consort of a king.

In the context of prehistory, antiquity and contemporary indigenous peoples, the title may refer to tribal kingship. Germanic kingship is cognate with Indo-European traditions of tribal rulership (c.f. Indic rājan, Gothic reiks, and Old Irish rí, etc.).In the context of classical antiquity, king may translate in Latin as rex and in Greek as archon or basileus.In classical European feudalism, the title of king as the ruler of a kingdom is understood to be the highest rank in the feudal order, potentially subject, at least nominally, only to an emperor (harking back to the client kings of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire).In a modern context, the title may refer to the ruler of one of a number of modern monarchies (either absolute or constitutional). The title of king is used alongside other titles for monarchs: in the West, emperor, grand prince, prince, archduke, duke or grand duke, and in the Middle East, malik, sultan, emir or hakim, etc.The term king may also refer to a king consort, a title that is sometimes given to the husband of a ruling queen, but the title of prince consort is sometimes granted instead." - (en.wikipedia.org 27.10.2019)

What we know

office held

office held Ptolemaios I. Soter (367-283 v.Chr.) Egypt 305-283 v. Chr.
office held Ptolemaios II. Philadelphos (-0308--0246) Egypt
office held Frederick II of Prussia (1712-1786) Prussia 1740-1786
office held Frederick William I of Prussia (1688-1740) Prussia 1713-1740
office held Frederick I of Prussia (1657-1713) Prussia 1701-1713
office held Frederick I (1122-1190) Holy Roman Empire 1152-1153
office held Enzio von Sardinien (1220-1272) Sardinia
office held Manfred, King of Sicily (1232-1266) Sicily
office held Heinrich VII. (HRR) (1211-1242) Holy Roman Empire
office held Conradin (1252-1268) Sicily
office held Conradin (1252-1268) Jerusalem
office held Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1165-1197) Italy
office held Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1165-1197) Holy Roman Empire 1169-1191
office held Henry IV (1050-1106) Holy Roman Empire
office held Lothar (Frankenreich) (941-986)
office held Charlemagne (747-814)
office held Pippin I. von Aquitanien (797-838) Aquitanien
office held Louis the German (806-876)
office held Arnolf von Kärnten (850-899)
office held Pepin the Short (714-768)
office held Charibert II (614-632) Aquitanien
office held Sigibert III. (-656)
office held Chlodwig II. (634-657)
office held Chlothar I (495-561)
office held Friedrich von Schweden (1676-1751) Sweden
office held Konrad I. (Ostfrankenreich) (um 881-918)
office held Theoderich der Große (451-526)
office held Athalarich (516-534) 526-534
office held Chlodwig I. (466-511)
office held Childerich I. (-481)
office held Kunimund (-567)
office held Ardashir I. (-242 v. Chr.) Sasanian Empire 224-240 n. Chr.
office held Shapur I. (-270) Sasanian Empire 240-270 n. Chr.
office held Bahram II. (-293) Sasanian Empire 274-291
office held Bahram I. (-276) Sasanian Empire 271-274 n. Chr.
office held Hormizd I. (-273) Sasanian Empire 272-273 n. Chr.
office held Narseh (-302) Sasanian Empire 293-302 n. Chr.
office held Schapur II. (309-379) Sasanian Empire 309-379 n. Chr.
office held Ardashir II. (-383) Sasanian Empire 379-383 n. Chr.
office held Bahram IV. (-399) Sasanian Empire 388-399 n. Chr.
office held Yazdegerd II. (-457) Sasanian Empire 439-457 n. Chr.
office held Yazdegerd I. Sasanian Empire 399-420 n. Chr.
office held Peroz I. (-484) Sasanian Empire 459-484 n. Chr.
office held Hormizd III. (-459) Sasanian Empire 457-459 n. Chr.
office held Kavadh I. (-0531) Sasanian Empire 488-496 n. Chr.
office held Kavadh I. (-0531) Sasanian Empire 498-531 n. Chr.
office held Kassander (350-297 v. Chr.) Macedonia 305-297 v. Chr.
office held Philip II of Macedon (-0382--0336) Macedonia 359-336 v. Chr.
office held Amyntas III of Macedon (--370) Macedonia
office held Archelaus I of Macedon (-399) Macedonia 413-399 v. Chr.
office held Ziaelas Bithynien
office held Prusias I. Bithynien
office held Demetrios Poliorketes (-0336--0283) Macedonia
office held Antiochos II. Theos (286-246 v. Chr.) Seleucid Empire
office held Antiochus I Soter (-324--261) Seleucid Empire 281-261 v. Chr.
office held Seleucus II Callinicus (-265--226) Seleucid Empire 246-225 v. Chr.
office held Seleucus I Nicator (-358--281) Seleucid Empire 312-281 v. Chr.
office held Seleukos IV. Philopator (--0175) Seleucid Empire 187-175 v. Chr.
office held Antiochus III the Great (-242--187) Seleucid Empire 222-187 v. Chr.
office held Antiochos IV. Epiphanes (-215--164) Seleucid Empire 175-164 v. Chr.
office held Antiochus VI Dionysus (-148--142) Seleucid Empire
office held Antiochus VII Sidetes (-164--129) Seleucid Empire
office held Antiochus VIII Grypus (-0141--0096) Seleucid Empire
office held Frederick I of Württemberg (1754-1816) Württemberg
office held Jérôme Bonaparte (1784-1860) Westphalia 1807-1813
office held Charles I of Austria (1887-1922) Hungary
office held Charles V (1500-1558) Spain
office held John of Bohemia (1296-1346) Bohemia
office held Ottokar II of Bohemia (1232-1278) Bohemia
office held Wenceslaus I of Bohemia (-1253) Bohemia 1230-1253
office held Ottokar I of Bohemia (-1230) Bohemia 1198-1230
office held Vladislaus II of Bohemia (-1174) Bohemia 1158-1174
office held Rudolf of Rheinfelden (-1080) Holy Roman Empire
office held George III of Great Britain (1738-1820) Hanover, United Kingdom, Ireland
office held Croesus (-590--541) Lydia 560-546 v. Chr.
office held Alfonso II of Naples (1448-1495) Naples 1494-1495
office held Theseus Athens
office held Aegeus Athens

title awarded

title awarded Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194-1250) Palermo 17.05.1198

Sources & Mentions

Objects and visualizations

Relations to objects

SkulpturMünze: Vierling der Reichsabtei Essen
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Relations to time periods

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