"An emperor (from Latin: imperator, via Old French: empereor) is a monarch, and usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. Empress, the female equivalent, may indicate an emperor´s wife (empress consort), mother (empress dowager), or a woman who rules in her own right (empress regnant). Emperors are generally recognized to be of a higher honour and rank than kings. In Europe, the title of Emperor has been used since the Middle Ages, considered in those times equal or almost equal in dignity to that of Pope due to the latter´s position as visible head of the Church and spiritual leader of the Catholic part of Western Europe. The Emperor of Japan is the only currently reigning monarch whose title is translated into English as Emperor." - ( 28.09.2019)

What we know

office held

office held Meiji (1852-1912) Japan 1867-1912
office held Frederick I (1122-1190) Holy Roman Empire 1153-1190
office held Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1165-1197) Holy Roman Empire 1191-1197
office held Henry IV (1050-1106) Holy Roman Empire
office held Henry III (1016-1056) Holy Roman Empire
office held Conrad II (990-1039) Holy Roman Empire
office held Otto I the Great (912-973)
office held Charlemagne (747-814)
office held Louis the Pious (778-840)
office held Karl der Kahle (823-877)
office held Arnolf von Kärnten (850-899)
office held Ludwig IV. (Kaiser HRR) (1282-1347)
office held Trajan (53-117)
office held Justinianus I. (482-565) Oströmisches Reich 527-565 n. Chr.
office held Constantine III (612-641) Byzanz
office held Justinianus II. (-711) Byzanz
office held Herakleios von Byzanz (575-641) 610 n. Chr.
office held Arcadius (um 377-408) Oströmisches Reich 395-408 n. Chr.
office held Marcian (-457) Oströmisches Reich
office held Claudius (-10-54) Römisches Reich 41-54 n. Chr.
office held Constantine V (718-775)
office held Leo III. (680-741)
office held Postumus (-269) Römisches Reich 260-269 n. Chr.
office held Marcus Salvius Otho (32-69) Römisches Reich 15.01.69 bis 16.04.69 n. Chr.
office held Servius Sulpicius Galba Caesar (-0003-0069) Römisches Reich 68-69 n. Chr.
office held Septimius Severus (146-211)
office held Valentinian I. (321-375) Römisches Reich 364-375 n. Chr.
office held Julian (Kaiser) (-363) Römisches Reich 360-363 n. Chr.
office held Julian (Kaiser) (-363) Römisches Reich 360-363 n. Chr.
office held Flavius Honorius (384-423) Weströmisches Reich
office held Theodosius II. (401-450) Oströmisches Reich 408-450 n. Chr.
office held Leo I. (401-474) Oströmisches Reich 457-474 n. Chr.
office held Zenon (Kaiser) (440-491) Oströmisches Reich 474-491 n. Chr.
office held Leo II. von Byzanz (467-474) Oströmisches Reich 474 n. Chr.
office held Anastasius I. (-518) Oströmisches Reich 491-518 n. Chr.
office held Justinus I. (0450-0527) Oströmisches Reich 518-527 n. Chr.
office held Justin II (0520-0578) Oströmisches Reich 565-578 n. Chr.
office held Maurice (539-602) Oströmisches Reich 582-602 n. Chr.
office held Philippikos Bardanes (-713) Oströmisches Reich 711-713
office held Nerva (30-98) Römisches Reich 96-98 n. Chr.
office held Publius Septimius Geta (189-211 n. Chr.) Römisches Reich 211 n. Chr.
office held Charles I of Austria (1887-1922) Austria
office held Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor (1278-1313)
office held Otto II (955-983) Holy Roman Empire

title awarded

title awarded Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194-1250), Honorius III (1148-1227) Rome 22.11.1220
title awarded Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1165-1197), Coelestin III. (1106-1198) 15.04.1191

Sources & Mentions

Objects and visualizations

Relations to objects

Kaiserportrait - Ausstellungsstück des Monats Mai 2018Fotografie: Soldaten auf einer BlumemwieseFotografie: Besuch Kaiser wilhelm II. bei deutschen Truppen an der OstfrontNapoleon und AlexanderWappen
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